THE MESSENGER & THE HARBINGER
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Restoration History #5
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"American Progress" by John Gast, 1872
A Tale of Two Journals
- Christian Messenger
- Barton Stone, editor
- Point the way of reformation
- Millennial Harbinger
- Alexander Campbell, editor
- To destroy sectarianism and introduce the Millennium
- Unity through the Spirit
- Let unity be our polar star
- Four kinds of Union
- Kingdom of God
- Agreement on essentials
- Ancient Gospel and Ancient Order
- Primitive religion & Rational thought
- Optimistic of progress and American government
- The Kingdom of God will break down and judge every earthly government
- Anti-slavery, non-political, pacifist
- Unity would usher in the millennium
- Unity and Restoration are means to an end.
- American progress was the dawn of the millennium.
- It connected his complex views on restoration and unity.
The Two Alexander Campbells
- Sectarian vs. Ecumenical
- Debating vs. Cooperative
- Rigid vs. Open
- Primitive vs. Common
The Tension in Campbell's Theology
- Unity vs. Restoration
- General faith vs. Orthodox faith
- Enlightenment (reasonable agreement) vs. Puritanism (purity and exclusion)
- Primitivism vs. Postmillennialism
- Past vs. Future
- Regression vs. Progression
Campbell: The Sage of Bethany
- Americas Millennial dreams faded by 1866 [due to Civil War].
- Campbells followers, not sharing the millennial hope, began to divide.
- Each side held a place of honor for and laid claim to the legacy of Alexander Campbell.
West-Ark Church of Christ, Fort Smith, AR
Evening Sermon, 6 April 2008
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